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Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can occur at any time. People with type 1 diabetes must use insulin from an injection or a pump to manage their diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 95% of all cases diagnosed in adults. Several studies have shown that healthy eating, regular physical activity, and weight loss used with medication if prescribed, can help control complications from type 2 diabetes or can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in 2 to
  • Being very thirsty
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very hungry
  • Feeling very tired
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Feelings of pins and needles in your feet
  • Losing feeling in your feet
  • Blurry eyesight
  • Some people with diabetes don
Urine analysis
A urine analysis may show high blood sugar. But a urine test alone does not diagnose diabetes. Your health care provider may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar level is higher than 200 mg/dL. To confirm the diagnosis, one or more of the following tests must be done.

Blood tests
Fasting blood glucose test, hemoglobin A1c test, and oral glucose tolerance test are blood test that can be done to diagnose diabetes.

Screening
Screening for type 2 diabetes in people who have no symptoms is recommended for: overweight children who have other risk factors for diabetes (starting at age 10), overweight adults (BMI greater than 25) who have other risk factors, and adults over age 45.
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